Utilizing 301 redirects is essential when completely transferring an previous webpage to a brand new URL. They are going to guarantee a constructive consumer expertise by immediately connecting customers to the content material they’re on the lookout for, even when they got an previous URL.

However do 301 redirects have an effect on your rankings in natural search?

This chapter will cowl the connection between 301 redirects and improved Google rankings.

Extra questions on Rating Elements? We cowl all of them in Google Rating Elements: Truth Or Fiction.

The Declare: 301 Redirects Are A Rating Issue

What are 301 redirects?

A 301 redirect is a server-side redirection for a completely modified URL.

You’d use a 301 redirect for the next situations:

  • You’re going from HTTP to HTTPS.
  • You might be transferring from an previous area to a brand new one.
  • You might be optimizing URL slugs for present posts and pages.
  • You might be transferring to a brand new web site platform, and your pages will change from https://instance.com/web page.html to https://instance.com/web page/.

A lot of the dialogue surrounding 301 redirects focuses on whether or not PageRank would switch from the previous URL to the brand new URL.

Or, if inbound hyperlinks existed for the previous URL, would they mechanically be utilized to the brand new URL?

The Proof Towards 301 Redirects As A Rating Issue

Not a lot is formally mentioned about 301 redirects as a rating issue.

In 2012, Matt Cutts, former head of Google’s Webspam group, mentioned that Google would comply with an infinite variety of redirects from one web page to a different.

Google will even make a number of hops if a web page is redirected to a different web page, then redirected repeatedly. He famous that the Googlebot would possibly cease following redirects after 4 to 5 hops.

In 2013, Cutts confirmed {that a} small proportion of PageRank is misplaced in 301 redirects. Whereas some website positioning professionals quote a lack of 15%, Cutts doesn’t say there’s a particular proportion.

In 2016, Gary Illyes shared this remark about redirects. Due to Andy Beard for surfacing this tweet.

“30x redirects don’t lose PageRank anymore.”

In 2018, John Mueller was requested if Google would see 100 domains redirected to 1 as spam. His response:

“Redirect away. I doubt you’d get website positioning worth from that, however that’s kinda as much as you. For instance, in the event you would possibly use a site title in an advert marketing campaign to have a memorable URL to point out, even when it finally ends up redirecting to your principal website in the long run.”

In 2019, Mueller additional confirmed that HTTPS is a light-weight rating issue when discussing how SSL impacts a web site’s search rankings. The redirection of a web site from HTTP to HTTPS is the closest means 301 redirects are linked to rating components.

In January 2020, Mueller mentioned the doable website positioning implications of stringing a number of 301 redirects collectively. Redirects can negatively affect pace. Additionally of word: Google will solely crawl as much as 5 “hops” in a redirect chain.

In April 2020, Mueller answered a query submitted to #AskGoogleWebmasters about how lengthy it takes Google to rank a brand new URL as a substitute of the previous one which has been 301 redirected. Mueller explains that 301 redirects sign canonicalization, however that Google additionally makes use of different components for canonicalization.

He mentions a earlier video discussing how Google chooses the fitting canonical URL. He then says you can assist Google decide the popular vacation spot URL past a 301 redirect by updating inside hyperlinks, sitemaps, and different references to the unique web page to reference the brand new URL.

In June of 2021, Mueller mentioned how Google might select a brand new URL over an previous one with out a redirect.

Suppose you copy content material from an older URL to a more moderen URL and don’t place a redirect. In that case, Google should still be capable to select the brand new URL as canonical as a result of different indicators (inside hyperlinks, sitemap hyperlinks, and so on.).

In July of 2021, Gary Illyes suggested that 301 redirects keep in place for a minimum of a 12 months, giving Google time to make sure rating indicators are correctly handed to the brand new URL.

Google additionally recurrently updates its information to redirects and Google Search in its Superior website positioning documentation – noting that server-side redirects are finest.

“If you have to change the URL of a web page as it’s proven in search engine outcomes, we suggest that you just use a everlasting server facet redirect at any time when doable. That is the easiest way to make sure that Google Search and persons are directed to the right web page.”

In addition they add within the FAQ for altering URLs that 301 and 302 redirects don’t lead to a lack of PageRank.

Our Verdict: 301 Redirects Are Not Probably A Rating Issue

Are 301 Redirects A Google Ranking Factor?

301 redirects could not increase the rankings of your webpages, however they will be sure that each Google and search customers are directed to the content material you need them to seek out.

In addition they make sure you don’t lose the rating indicators constructed to previous URLs when transferring them to new ones.

However whereas they’re important for signaling the correct canonical and passing rating indicators, we now have no official affirmation that 301 redirects are a rating issue.

Keep in mind that simply because one thing isn’t a Google Rating Issue doesn’t imply it’s unimportant. You need to nonetheless handle redirects rigorously and keep away from technical points corresponding to redirect chains.

Wish to find out about different rating issue myths? Take a look at the newest model of SEJ’s complete Google Rating Elements book.

Featured Picture: Paulo Bobita/Search Engine Journal

Ranking Factors: Fact Or Fiction? Let’s Bust Some Myths! [Ebook]

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